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Ulukau is an online database that is has a plethora of resources and other online repositories including, but not limited to, nūpepa, Hawaiian dictionary and bible, genealogical index, and kaniʻāina. This website is available in Hawaiian and English and include advanced search functions to aid in finding certain resources. 


The table below shows all the resources I was able to collect within Ulukau related to the key terms "Kukuipahu", "Kukuipahu Heiau", "Kamapiikai", and "Kanenuiakea". The URL allows you to go directly to the source to give you more information about the key term.


Because Ulukau has so much resources to look through, I was not able to view them all. Also, Ulukau holds many Hawaiian language material and because I am not a fluent speaker of ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi, I did not review much Hawaiian language resources. Most of my resources are either originally written in English or translated from Hawaiian to English. Looking at Hawaiian Language documents would be a good place to start to continue this research inventory. 

Table of Kukuipahu Resources for Ulukau

Hoʻoulu: our time of becoming: Hawaiian epistemology and early writings
Manulani Aluli Meyer
Describes the importance of how words were used words in the art of hoʻopāpā. Page 118 mentions the story of Kaipalaoa, the hoʻopāpā youngster. He went the wife of Kukuipahu, to complete his hoʻopāpā education. It is also noted that most teachers of this profession were women. Meyer goes on to provide commentary on this story and hoʻopāpā until page 121.
A history of fishing practices and marine fisheries of the Hawaiian Islands
Kepa Maly, Onaona Maly
A collection of fishery resources and native practices discribed in boundary commission testimonies from 1865-1915 made for different ahupuaʻa. Page 330, testimonies from Ku and Kaneihalau note their knowledge of Kukuipahu boundaries. Kukuipahu is also mentioned on page 332 when describing the boundaries of Puʻuepa.
330, 332
Kamehameha and his Warrior Kekūhaupiʻo
Stephen L. Delsha, Frances N. Frazier (
When Kamehameha and Kekūhaupiʻo's sailed to Hawaii Island, they landed at Kukuipahu, a place they suspected to be an ancient canoe landing for chiefs. Upon his arrival, heaps of people gathered and wailed at the site of Kamehameha's canoe.
Ruling Chiefs of Hawaiʻi: Revised Edition
Samuel M. Kamakau
Captain Cook sailed the channel between Maui and Hawaiʻi landing at Kukuipahu. This was in the winter time, when Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea were capped with snow. Loads of people from different ahupuaʻa gathered at the coast of Kukuipahu to greet the ship. Iron and gifts were exchanged between Cook and the chiefs.
Hawaiian Mythology
Martha Beckwith
Page 134 mentions a moʻolelo about Kukuipahu, an aliʻi, surviving being swallowed by a shark. Page 409 gives credit to Kukuipahu of Kohala as a kupua, or mythical figure. Page 419 begins the legend of Kapunohu, born in Kukuipahu under the reign of Kukuipahu. Page 423 "Many Kupua stories center about the court of Kukuipahu in Kohala district on Hawaii, and that chief is a favorite figure in kupua extravaganzas" Page 524 mentions the daughter of Kukuipahu and Halemano.
132, 404, 419, 423, 524
A Gazetteer at the Territory of Hawaii
John Wesley Coulter
Kukuipahu is listed as a land section in the Kohala quadrangle. The coordinates are listed as 20.13 North and 155.52 West.
Fornander collection of Hawaiian antiquities and folk-lore. Vol. 6
Abraham Fornander, Thomas Thrum
Page 170 and 171 mentions the story of Kapaihipilipili, a Kukuipahu man noted in agriculture, cooking, and trading food. Page 171 is the hawaiian version. Page 382 is a chant describing the mana Kukuipahu possessed when taking over Hawaii.
170, 171, 382
Fornander collection of Hawaiian antiquities and folk-lore. Vol. 5
Abraham Fornander, Thomas Thrum
Incudes stories that mention Kukuipahu as an ahupuaʻa and chief.
214-221, 388-291, 394-395
Fornander collection of Hawaiian antiquities and folk-lore. Vol. 4
Abraham Fornander, Thomas Thrum
Includes stories that mention Kukuipahu the ahupuaʻa and as well as the chief.
313-315, 380-381, 506-511, 562-565, 575
Polk 1890: Directory and Hand-book of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi, 1890
Claus Spreckles & Co.
List of people with their occupation and residency. Page 437 mentions a person named Heiau who was a laborer. Page 505 mentions two people, Pononui who was a laborer and Pononui J D who was a landowner.
437, 505
An Account of the Polynesian Race: It's Origins and Migrations and The Ancient History of the Hawaiian People to the Times of Kamehameha I, Vol. II
Abraham Fornander
Page 171 mentions when Captain Cook sailed from Maui to Kukuipahu noting that the people thought Cook and his crew were gods because of their foreign objects. Beginning on page 371 is a chant "Ka Inoa O Kualii". Kukuipahu is mentioned in line 290 on pages 377 and 391. "Here is the torch-lighter of Kukuipahu, the woman with the red mouth, who eats the sea eggs of Makakuku".
171, 377, 391
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